The most prominent Armenian manuscript illuminator in the Middle Ages lived in the 13th century in Cilicia. Toros Roslin enriched Armenian manuscript painting by introducing new artistic themes and revived the genre of royal portraits (the first Cilician royal portraits were found in his manuscripts). He worked at the scriptorium of Hromkla in the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia. His patrons included King Hetoum I and Queen Zabel I, also their children – King Levon II in particular. At that period, cultural life of Cilicia was flourishing.